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Author Guidelines

Editorial Policy

World Journal of Biology and Biotechnology published research/review manuscript which have not been published elsewhere (only in the form of abstract, lecture and thesis) and are not currently under consideration elsewhere. Corresponding author has responsibility for ensuring that all the other co-authors and a particular institution have approved the research.

Format

Original research/review manuscripts should be written in English (Cambria 10) on letter paper (width 8.5" and height 11") with 1" margin on top and bottom and 0.5" on left and right. Single spaced and one column should be used in all manuscripts. Tittle of manuscript should be in capital and bold and full names of authors (do not used abbreviations) and their affiliation should be written after tittle. Email address of each author is required while only email of correspondence author will be used in final publication. Importance of particular study, reliable results and conclusion should be added in 200 to 250 words abstract. Only 6 to 10 keywords are required at the end of abstract. The background of study or problem, important and recent literature and hypothesis or objectives must be added in introduction. Materials and Methods should be to accurate. Results (to the point) and Discussions (logical about findings and most recent) may or may not combine.

Plagiarism

Plagiarism of manuscript will be checked before sending for review process. If plagiarism will be found after publication, the Scientific Platform will contact the author’s institute and funding agencies for necessary actions and plagiarism will be mention on published manuscript. International System of Units (SI units) should be used to abbreviate the units. Tables and figures should be in editable form where applicable.  

About Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the use or close imitation of the language and ideas of another author and representation of them as one's own original work. Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references. This can range from getting an identical paper published in multiple journals, where authors add small amounts of new data to a previous paper. Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been copied and pasted. Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in the Journals. But minor plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively frequent, for example when an author reuses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. The editors will judge any case of which they become aware (either by their own knowledge of and reading about the literature, or when alerted by referees) on its own merits. 

References

In running text or parenthesis, single author should be cited in literature e.g Abbas (2016) studied that or (Abbas, 2016), two authors should be separated with and not & e.g Abbas and Muhammad (2016) studied that or (Abbas and Muhammad, 2016) and in case of more than two authors, et al., should be used e.g Abbas et al. (2016) studied that or (Abbas et al., 2016). Chronological order should be used for two or more citations in the text (Abbas et al., 2013; Muhammad et al., 2014; Ali et al., 2015 and Fatima et al., 2016).

Journal

Abbas, M. F., S. Hameed and C. A. Rauf, 2014. Presence of new strain of potato virus y in Pakistan. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 16(5): 941-945.

Book

Agrios, G., 2005. Plant pathology 5th edition: Elsevier academic press. Burlington, Ma. USA.

Website

IEA, 2014. International energy agency. World Energy Outlook. http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/publications/weo-2014/.

Note: End note references are highly recommended. Click here to download End note reference style of World Journal of Biology and Biotechnology.

Submission of Manuscripts

The manuscripts (written in English) should be according to format of World Journal of Biology and Biotechnology and should be submitted online.

Self-citations are highly restricted for publication.

Blind Peer Review Process

Research and review manuscript will undergo the peer review process.

The manuscripts will be reviewed (blind peer review) from two different foreign reviewers (not provided by the author) to ensure the integrity of the blind peer-review for submission to World Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, every effort should be made to prevent the identities of the authors and reviewers from being known to each other.

Review Process Time will be 6-8 weeks. Please do expect slight delay if the review period overlaps with a long holiday or Summer/Winter break.
 
The decisions (revision required or resubmit for review or submits anywhere else) will be provided to the corresponding author.

After acceptance, correction of proofs and transfer of copyrights to Scientific Platform, a paper is published on its turn. Reviews: World Journal of Biology and Biotechnology encourages the submission of reviews by the authors who have considerable attainment in their fields of specialization. Before submission of reviews, the authors are encouraged to contact the Editor-in-Chief at wjb@sciplatform.com.

Proof Read Version and Copyrights.

After satisfactory revision and acceptance, transfer of copyrights and an electronic proof read version of final manuscript will be sent to corresponding authors and only minor corrections in the text (5%) are allowed before publication. The final manuscripts will be available online but it will be published on its turn. 

About Authorship

The corresponding (submitting) author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been attained and for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors, before and after publication (mention in submission process step 7). Any change to the authors list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors or the deletion of authors needs to be approved by a signed letter from every author. You can not add the author's name at final stage of publication. If you want to add the name of an author, you should provide all the information why author was skipped in the manuscript before.

Minimum Requirements for Authorship

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article.

Authorship Credit

a)  Substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and  interpretation of data and b) Final approval of the version to be published.

Conditions a and b must meet the criteria. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.

Authors should provide a description of what each contributed, and editors should publish that information. All others who contributed to the work who are not authors should be named in the Acknowledgments, and what they did should be described.

Minimum Requirements for Acknowledgments

List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who has provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be listed under a heading such as "clinical investigators" or "participating investigators," and their function or contribution should be described, e.g., "served as scientific advisors," "critically reviewed the study proposal," "collected data," or "provided and cared for study". Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, all persons must have given written permission to be acknowledged.

Co-author Contributions

Authors are strongly encouraged to include a statement in the end noted to specify the actual contribution of each co-author to the completed work. World Journal of Biology and Biotechnology allows two co-authors to be specified as having contributed equally to the work being described. Author contribution statement should be clear like the following example:

Example

S.C.W., P.R.J.B., P.V.W. and I.K.T developed the concepts and also designed the experiments. S.C.W. and S.G. performed P. infestans transformations and plant inoculations. P.C.B. carried out confocal microscopy and advised on cell biology. S.C.W. performed GUS assays and light microscopy. A.O.A. and J.G.M. quantified gene expression. Antibody detection of tagged transformants was performed by I.H. and S.C. L.M., J.G.M., E.M.G. and M.R.A. carried out experiments with P. atrosepticum. L.P. conducted all the bioinformatics analyses.

About Peer-Review

World Journal of Biology and Biotechnology aims at rapid publication of high quality research while maintaining rigorous but sympathetic peer review process. Manuscripts (other than those that are of insufficient quality or unlikely to be competitive enough for publication) will be peer-reviewed by two or more experts in the fields, and a decision is returned to the authors in about two months. If due to special circumstance, the review process takes more time, authors will be informed by email. Manuscripts with significant results will be reviewed and published at the highest priority and speed. Possible decisions on a manuscript are:

• accepted as it is

• accepted after minor revision

• accepted after major revision

• rejected

If minor revision is required, authors should return a revised version as soon as possible within 7 days. If major revision is required, authors should return a revised version within 15 days.

About Duplicate Publication

The material must be original and not published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Author is responsible to get permission from previous publisher or copyright holder if an author is re-using any part of paper e.g., figure(s), published elsewhere, or that is copyrighted. The editors consider all the materials in good faith that their journals have full permission to publish every part of the submitted material including illustrations.

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. That the paper presents original work not previously published in similar form and not currently under consideration by another journal.
    That each author has seen and approved the content of the submitted manuscript.
    That if the paper contains material (data or information in any other form) that is the intellectual property and copyright of any person(s) other than the Author(s), then permission of the copyright owner(s) to publish that material has been obtained. In case the permission has not been obtained, the author(s) will be responsible for any such violation.
    That the copyright material is clearly identified and acknowledged in the text of the paper. Moreover, prior permission has been obtained to present such material in the manuscript.
 

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

 

Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Partial Wavier Policy: 0.00 (USD)

Handling Charges payment methods: 100.00 (USD)

INTERNATIONAL

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Account No (196475568396), Swift Code (USBKUS44IMT),  US Bank, University Office, Ames, Iowa

WIRE INSTRUCTION: Routing / ABA No (073902274), Account No (453374), First National Bank, Ames, Iowa

NATIONAL
Amount                         5,000/= PKR
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Scientific Platform), Account No (PK55ALFH0481001005062604), Bank Name (Bank Alfalah), Nift Code(0534155)
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Partial Wavier Policy

If you do not have funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work.