Consumption and biochemical impact of psychoactive substances in road transport by professional drivers: A review

Aldo Pacheco Ferreira

Abstract


Traffic accidents are a serious public health problem, especially in developing countries. Driving under the influence of psychoactive substances such as illicit drugs and some prescription drugs can significantly increase the risk of motor vehicle accidents. This fact potentiates the probability of serious traffic accidents occurring, making it necessary to combat them with seriousness and urgency. Researches show that several psychoactive drugs alter the motor and cognitive capacity of users, however, most of these studies pointed out such outcomes based on the prevalence of illicit drug use in professional hospitalized drivers. They also reported a divergence of opinions that weakens the category in relation to negotiation for better working conditions, at the same time that the use of illegal substances is considered normal and is not questioned by the participants. Considering the importance of this fact, the present study made a review on the prevalence of illicit drugs (cannabinoids, stimulants, and amphetamines) and psychoactive prescription drugs belonging to the classes of antihistamines, muscle relaxants, benzodiazepines, and anorectics in professional drivers. Data about drug prevalence and drug use by professional drivers were obtained contributing to the development of preventive measures, public policies, and clarification on the risks of driving under the influence of psychoactive substances.

 


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Print ISSN: 2522-6746 ,  Online ISSN: 2522-6754